Its Hidden History

and Origin


                                    Where did Easter come from?  How did it become connected

                              with the resurrection of Christ?  What does the resurrection

                              have to do with bunny rabbits, colored eggs, and other symbols

                              of the spring fertility goddess?  Here we reveal the shocking,

                              incredible ORIGIN of EASTER!


William F. Dankenbring


      God's Word says unequivocally: “And the great dragon was cast out, that old serpent, called the Devil, and Satan, which DECEIVETH THE WHOLE WORLD: he was cast out into the earth, and his angels were cast out with him” (Rev. 12:9).


      Does God mean what He says? God says the “WHOLE WORLD” is deceived.


      The apostle John, in his first epistle, wrote: “And we know that we are of God, and the WHOLE WORLD lieth in wickedness” (I John 5:19).  That doesn’t leave much room for doubt. Or wriggling.  Or scrunching around to avoid admitting the truth. This means the overwhelming majority in the world are DECEIVED! Millions upon millions upon millions!


      Only a few, a very few, at this time, have been called to have their minds opened to understand and grasp the truth of God. Jesus called them a “little flock.”  He said: “Fear not, little flock; for it is your Father's good pleasure to give you the kingdom” (Luke 12:32).  Yeshua declared, “Enter through the narrow gate; for the gate is wide and the road is easy that leads to destruction, and there are many who take it.  For the gate is narrow and the road is hard that leads to life, and there are FEW who find it” (Matt.7:13, NRSV).


      Could that mean that the vast visible Church which calls itself Christian has actually been deceived by the devil!  Could this be possible?  Could Satan the devil has supplanted the truth of God, and foisted off his own doctrines upon a gullible and naive world, which thinks it is really “Christian”?  Could Easter itself be a major example of Satan’s intrusive work and ingenious deception of the whole world?


Easter – Christian or Pagan?


      What do colored eggs and bunny rabbits have to do with Christ and His teachings? Have you ever wondered? Where did the Easter parade and hot-cross buns come from? What about Easter sunrise services?


            Millions of people assume that these time-hallowed customs are Christian and must therefore date back to the early Christian Church. Yet few know the real origin of Easter, or why the Christian-professing world, today, observes this particular holiday.


      The true story of the origin of Easter is intriguing. In this article, we will explore the earliest beginnings of the celebration of the spring festival called Easter, discover the origins of many of today's Easter customs, and see the amazing manner in which this ancient custom wove its way into the fabric of modern Christianity. No story is more astonishing.


Day of a Pagan Goddess


      The English word Easter and the German Ostern come from a common origin (Eostur, Eastur, Ostara, Ostar), which to the Norsemen meant the season of the rising or growing sun -- the season of new birth. The word was used by ancient Europeans to designate the “Feast of New Life” in the spring.


      The word long antedates Christianity. Originally, it referred to the celebration of the spring sun, which had its birth in the East and brought new life upon the earth. The ancient Teutonic goddess of spring was addressed as Eostre.  Easter, then, antedates Christianity by centuries.


            But what about the myriad customs that surround this day – the chocolate bunnies, the Easter eggs, the parades?


      Again, you may be surprised to learn that red, blue, yellow or green eggs, as symbols of the renewal of life, were part of a custom that goes back centuries before the birth of Christ. Eggs, a symbol of fertility in many lands, are easily traceable to ancient pagan lore. So is the famous Easter bunny. (Only the chocolate rabbit is modern.) This rapidly breeding and multiplying animal was an ancient symbol of fecundity. And so modern children, eagerly hunting for Eastern eggs supposedly deposited by a rabbit, are unknowingly following an ancient fertility rite.


      What about the Easter parade? Does that, too, date back to the days of antiquity when pagans paraded in the springtime, donning new hats and clothes to honor their goddess of spring?


      The answer is yes. Scholars can trace the Easter parade to similar rites in ancient Germany, Greece, and even India.


            Hot-cross buns, interestingly enough, were eaten by pagan Saxons in honor of Easter, their goddess of light. The Mexicans and Peruvians had a similar custom. In fact, the custom of eating hot-cross buns was practically universal in the ancient pagan world!


      Easter fires, although not a widespread phenomenon today, are still lit in some northern European countries, notably Germany. This practice is clearly traceable to pagan antiquity.


      And what about Easter sunrise services? They too go back to the pagan custom of prostrating before the rising springtime sun. The goddess of light, Eastre or Ostera, was identified with the rising sun.


      Throughout the Middle Ages, this pagan custom was continued, “A universal celebration was held in the Middle Ages at the hour of sunrise. According to an old legend, the sun dances on Easter morning or makes three cheerful jumps at the moment of rising, in honor of Christ’s Resurrection. . . . All over Europe people would gather in open plains or on the crests of hills to watch the spectacle of sunrise on Easter Day. The moment of daybreak was marked by the shooting of cannon and the ringing of bells. . . In most places the crowds would pray as the sun appeared. . . . From this medieval custom dates our modern SUNRlSE SERVICE held by many congregations in this country on Easter Sunday” (Weiser, The Easter Book, pp. 158-159).


      Plainly, then, today’s Easter has its roots deep in ancient paganism – centuries before the birth of Christ – and its rites have scarcely changed.


      Says Ralph Woodrow in Babylon Mystery Religion:


                        “The word itself, as the dictionaries and encyclopedias explain, comes from the name of a Pagan

                  Goddess – the goddess of Spring. Easter is but a more modern form of Ishtar, Eostre, Ostera, or

                  Astarte. Ishtar, another name for Semiramis of Babylon, was pronounced as we pronounce ‘Easter’

                  today! And so the name of the Spring Festival, ‘Easter,’ is definitely paganistic, the name being

                  taken from the name of the Goddess” (p. l52).


      The "” egg” was a sacred symbol of the ancient Babylonians. They believed an old fable about a huge egg which supposedly fell from heaven into the Euphrates River. From this egg, says the legend, the goddess Astarte (Easter) was hatched. From Babylon the idea of the mystic, sacred egg spread abroad to many nations.


      Admits the Encyclopedia Britannica:


                                “The egg as a symbol of fertility and of renewed life goes back to the ancient Egyptians and Persians,

                        who had also the custom of colouring and eating eggs during their spring festival” (article, “Easter”).


      Thus eating Easter eggs is actually a modern form of participation in ancient spring fertility rites, and the worship of the goddess of fertility, “Easter”!


      The Romans called the name of this goddess of sexual fertility “Venus,” and it is from this name that we derive the modern English words “venereal” and “venereal disease.”


      What about the Easter “Rabbit”?


      This symbol, too, comes from ancient paganism. Says the Britannica:


                        “Like the Easter egg, the Easter hare came to Christianity from antiquity. The hare is

                  associated with the moon in the legends of ancient Egypt and other peoples. . . . Through

                  the fact that the Egyptian word for hare, UM, means also ‘open’ and ‘period,’  that hare

                  came to be associated with the idea of periodicity, both lunar and human, and with the

                  beginning of new life in both the young man and young woman, and so a symbol of

                  fertility and of the renewal of life. As such, the hare became linked with Easter . . .

                  eggs” (ibid.).


            Says Alexander Hislop regarding the festival of Easter:


                  “Then look at Easter. What means the term Easter itself? It is not a Christian name.

                  It bears its Chaldean origin on its very forehead. Easter is nothing else than Astarte, one

                  of the titles of Beltis, the queen of heaven, whose name, as pronounced by the people of

                  Nineveh, was evidently identical with that now in common use in this country. That name,

                  as found by Layard on the Assyrian monuments, is Ishtar”(The Two Babylons, p. 103).


      Admits the World Book Encyclopedia, “Its name may have come from Eostre, a Teutonic goddess of spring, or from the Teutonic festival of spring called Eostur” (article, “Easter,” vol. 6, p. 25).


      Speaking of the Easter egg, this same authority says: “The custom of exchanging eggs began in ancient times. The ancient Egyptians and Persians often dyed eggs in spring colors and gave them to their friends as gifts. The Persians believed that the earth had hatched from a giant egg.”


      Adds Hislop:


                        “Such is the history of Easter. The popular observances that still attend the period of its

                        celebration amply confirm the testimony of history as to its Babylonian character. The

                        hot cross buns of Good Friday, and the dyed eggs of Pasch or Easter Sunday, figured in

                        the Chaldean rites just as they do now. The "buns," known too by that identical name,

                        were used in the worship of the queen of heaven, the goddess Easter, as early as the days

                        of Cecrops, the founder of Athens – that is, 1500 years before the Christian era. ‘One

                        species of sacred bread,’ says Byrant, ‘which used to be offered to the gods, was of

                        great antiquity, and called Boun.’ Diogenes Laertius, speaking of this offering

                        being made by Empedocles, describes the chief ingredients of which it was composed,

                        saying, ‘He offered one of the sacred cakes called Boun, which was made of fine flour

                        and honey.’ The prophet Jeremiah takes notice of this kind of offering when he says,

                        ‘The children gather wood, the fathers kindle the fire, and the women knead their dough,

                        to make cakes to the queen of heaven.’ The hot cross buns are not now offered, but

                        eaten, on the festival of Astarte; but this leaves no doubt as to whence they have

                        been derived” (Hislop, p. 108).


      And what about the Easter egg?


      Again, Alexander Hislop tells us plainly:


                  “The origin of the Pasch eggs is just as clear. The ancient Druids bore an egg, as the

                  sacred emblem of their order. In the Dionysiaca, or mysteries of Bacchus, as celebrated

                  in Athens, one part of the nocturnal ceremony consisted in the consecration of an egg.

                  The Hindoo fables celebrate their mundane egg as of a golden colour. The people of Japan

                  make their sacred egg to have been brazen. In China, at this hour, dyed or painted eggs

                  are used on sacred festivals, even as in this country. In ancient times eggs were used in

                  the religious rites of the Egyptians and the Greeks, and were hung up for mystic

                  purposes in their temples. From Egypt these sacred eggs can be distinctly traced to the

                  banks of the Euphrates.”


      Hislop continues:


                  “The classic poets are full of the fable of the mystic egg of the Babylonians; and thus its

                  tale is told by Hyginus, the Egyptian, the learned keeper of the Palatine library at Rome,

                  in the time of Augustus, who was skilled in all the wisdom of his native country:

                  ‘An egg of wondrous size is said to have fallen from heaven into the river Euphrates.

                  The fishes rolled it to the bank, where the doves having settled upon it, and hatched it,

                  out came Venus, who afterwards was called the Syrian goddess’ – that is, Astarte. Hence

                  the egg became one of the symbols of Astarte or Easter; and accordingly, in Cyprus,

                  one of the chosen seats of the worship of Venus, or Astarte, the egg of wondrous size was

                  represented on a grand scale” (The Two Babylons, pp. 108-109).



Pre-Easter Lent


            Prior to Easter, most churches observe a period of forty days which they call “Lent.” Where did this forty day period of abstinence come from? Is it Christian in origin?


      What is the truth about Lent?


      The festival of the Passover, observed by the early New Testament Church of God, was preceded by no Lent. Where, then, did Lent come from?


      You will be shocked to know the answer:


                  “ ‘It ought to be known,’ said Cassianus, the monk of Marseilles, writing in the fifth

                  century, and contrasting the primitive Church with the Church in his day, ‘that the

                  observance of the forty days had no existence, so long as the perfection of that

                  primitive Church remained inviolate.’ Whence, then, came this observance? The

                  forty days’ abstinence of Lent was directly borrowed from the worshippers of the

                  Babylonian goddess. Such a Lent of forty days, ‘in the spring of the year,’ is still

                  observed by the Yezidis or Pagan Devil-worshippers of Koordistan, who have inherited

                  it from their early masters, the Babylonians. Such a Lent of forty days was held in

                  Spring by the Pagan Mexicans, for thus we read in Humboldt, where he gives account

                  of Mexican observances: ‘Three days after the vernal equinox. . . began a solemn fast

                  of forty days in honour of the sun.’ Such a Lent of forty days was observed in Egypt,

                  as may be seen on consulting Wilkinson's Egyptians. This Egyptian Lent of forty

                  days, we are informed by Landseer, in his Sabean Researches, was held expressly in

                  commemoration of Adonis or Osiris, the great mediatorial god” (The Two Babylons,

                  Hislop, pp. 104-105).


      Writes Alexander Hislop:


                  “Among the Pagans this Lent seems to have been an indispensable preliminary to the

                  great annual festival in commemoration of the death and resurrection of Tammuz,

                  which was celebrated by alternate weeping and rejoicing, and which, in many

                  countries, was considerably later than the Christian festival, being observed in Palestine

                  and Assyria in June, therefore called the ‘month of Tammuz;’ in Egypt, about the middle of

                  May, and in Britain, some time in April. To conciliate the Pagans to nominal Christianity,

                  Rome, pursuing its usual policy, took measures to get the Christian and Pagan

                  festivals amalgamated, and, by a complicated but skillful adjustment of the calendar, it was

                  found no difficult matter, in general, to get Paganism and Christianity – now far sunk in

                  idolatry – in this as in so many other things, to shake hands” (ibid.).


         Alexander Hislop describes how the pagan forty-day "fast" of Lent, and Easter, were both incorporated into Church doctrine by the Roman Catholic Church, with the abbot Dionysius the Little as the chief instrument in the change-over.  Hislop explains:


                                 “This change of the calendar in regard to Easter was attended with momen-

                                 tous consequences.  It brought into the Church the GROSSEST CORRUP-

                                 TION and the RANKEST SUPERSTITION in connection with the abstinence

                                 of Lent.  Let any one only read the ATROCITIES that were commemorated

                                 during the ‘sacred fast’ or Pagan Lent, as described by Arnobius and Clemens

                                 Alexandrinus, and surely he must blush for the Christianity of those who,

                                 WITH THE FULL KNOWLEDGE OF ALL THESE ABOMINATIONS, ‘went

                                 down to Egypt for help’ to stir up the languid devotion of the DEGENERATE

                                 CHURCH, and who could find no more excellent way to ‘revive’ it, than by

                                 borrowing from so polluted a source; the ABSURDITIES and ABOMINA-

                                 TIONS connected with which the early Christian writers had held up to scorn.

                                 That Christians should ever THINK of introducing the Pagan abstinence of

                                 Lent was a sign of evil; it showed how LOW THEY HAD SUNK, and it was

                                 also a CAUSE OF EVIL; it inevitably led to DEEPER DEGRADATION.

                                 Originally, even in Rome, Lent, with the preceding REVELRIES OF THE

                                 CARNIVAL, was entirely unknown . . . . But at last, when the worship of

                                 ASTARTE was rising into the ascendant, steps were taken to get the whole

                                 CHALDEAN LENT of six weeks, or forty days, made imperative on all

                                 within the Roman Empire of the West” (ibid., p.106-107).


         Nowhere in the Bible do we find the saints or people of God ever observing this pagan custom or season of Lent.  In fact, God commands very plainly, “Learn NOT the way of the heathen” (Jer.10:1). 


      Socrates, writing about 450 A.D. in Rome, said that by that time the people of Rome fasted before Easter about three weeks. But about the year 519 at the Council held in Aurelia in the time of Hormisdas, Bishop of Rome, a decree was made that Lent should be solemnly kept before Easter, and the way was being prepared for the full introduction of the Chaldean Lent of six weeks, or forty days.


      Thus the debauchery of the riotous pre-Lent feasting and merrymaking of Rio's Carnival, and the Mardi Gras of New Orleans, and related feasts around the world, all stem back to ancient paganism, along with Lent itself, and Easter as well.


            It does no good to deny the truth. The real question is, do we love the truth more than our own preconceived ideas and prejudices and practices which we may have been steeped in from our very youth?


      Which is more important to you:  The truth?  Or your own way?


Easter Sunrise Services


      What about Easter sunrise services? Don't they come from honoring the resurrection of Christ at sunrise, early Sunday morning?


      That is what the devil would like you to think – and that is what he has the whole world believing! But that assumption is flagrantly FALSE!


      When Mary Magdalene came to the tomb of Jesus early Sunday morning, the first day of the week, while it was yet dark (see John 20:1), the tomb of Jesus was already empty! He was not there! He had ALREADY risen!


      Biblical history shows that Jesus was actually crucified and died on the stake, late afternoon, on a Thursday.  See our article “How Long Was Jesus in the Grave?”  He Himself foretold that He would be in the grave three days and three nights, even as Jonah was in the belly of the great fish for three days and

three nights (see Matthew 12:40).  According to Jewish reckoning, that could mean parts of 3 days and three nights, inclusive.  This would re counted as part of Thursday, day, Thursday night, Friday day, Friday night, Saturday (day three), and part of Saturday night (night three).            


But can you count three days and three nights, or a portion of them, between Friday afternoon and Sunday sunrise? Of course not! That would only give you Friday day (part of the day), Friday night, Saturday day, and part of Saturday night – two days and two nights! 


Thus the idea that Jesus was crucified on a “Good Friday” is blatantly false! Jesus was not crucified on a Friday at all. The Friday crucifixion-Easter resurrection is a fable of the Devil, palmed off on an errant Christianity!


      Be sure to read our article “How Long Was Jesus Really in the Grave?” for the proof from the Bible, the calendar, and astronomy, that Jesus was crucified Thursday and resurrected early Sunday morning, before sunrise!


      Where did “Good Friday” actually come from?


            At this point you probably won't be surprised to learn that it also came from paganism. That’s right. Friday was regarded by the Romans as the sacred day of Venus and was called dies Veneris.


      The word “Friday” itself comes from the name of “Freya,” who was regarded as the goddess of peace, joy, and fertility by the pagans. Fish was regarded as being sacred to her, and was a symbol of fertility or fecundity. Fish have a very high reproduction rate, a single cod spawning upwards of nine million eggs, a million eggs for the flounder, and 700,000 for the sturgeon.


      Hence the custom of not eating fish on Friday stems also from ancient pagan times, in honor of the goddess of fertility, Freya, or Venus. The fish was also regarded as sacred to the goddess Ashtoreth, and in ancient Egypt the goddess Isis is sometimes represented as having a fish on her head. Strange, isn't it, how all these customs go back to ancient paganism!


      But what about Easter sunrise services? Aren’t they Christian?


            We have already seen that Christ did not arise from the dead at sunrise Easter morning – not at all! On the other hand, there was an ancient pagan custom of holding a sunrise service in the spring to worship the risen sun-god, Baal, Tammuz, or Nimrod!


      The Bible condemns this practice. Notice in the book of Ezekiel:


                  “He said also unto me, Turn thee yet again, and thou shalt see greater abominations that

                  they do. Then he brought me to the door of the gate of the Lord's house which was toward

                  the north; and, behold, there sat women weeping for Tammuz. Then said he unto me, Hast

                  thou seen this, O son of man turn thee yet again, and thou shalt see greater abominations

                  than these. And he brought me into the inner court of the Lord's house, and, behold, at the

                  door of the temple of the Lord, between the porch and the altar, were about five and twenty

                  men, with their backs toward the temple of the Lord, and their faces toward the east;

                  and they worshipped the sun toward the east” (Ezek. 8:13-16).


      When is the sun toward the east? In the morning! These men were holding a sunrise service, worshipping toward the rising sun! At the very temple of God, they were mixing in pagan religious rites, customs and ceremonies!


      Writes Ralph Woodrow:


                        “Rites connected with the dawning sun -- in one form or another – were known in

                        many ancient nations. Those who made the Sphinx in Egypt, built it to watch for the

                        rising sun in the east. From Mount Fujiyama, in Japan, prayers are made to the

                        rising sun . . .” (Babylon Mystery Religion, p. l56).


      In the Mystery religion of Babylon, the false savior Tammuz was worshipped with various spring rites. According to the legend, when he was slain, he went into the underworld and couldn't be brought forth unless the whole world wept for him. Through the weeping of his mother Easter, or Semiramis, he was mystically revived, his resurrection symbolized by the budding of new vegetation in the spring. Each year the pagan spring festival celebrated this resurrection story.


                  “The resurrection of Tammuz through Ishtar’s grief was dramatically represented annually

                  in order to insure the success of the crops and the fertility of the people. . . . Each year

                  men and women had to grieve with Ishtar over the death of Tammuz and celebrate the god’s

                  return, in order to win anew her favor and her benefits” (Festivals, Holy Days and Saints’

                  Days, p. 89).


      In Ezekiel chapter 8 we saw women weeping for Tammuz, one abomination in God's sight, and the very next abomination was men in the temple of God worshipping toward the rising sun!


            It is perfectly obvious that Ezekiel was speaking of this same ancient pagan celebration of the weeping for Tammuz, and the observance of this pagan spring festival.


      Says Woodrow:


                  “Now since the true saviour, our Lord Jesus Christ, in reality did rise (not merely in

                  nature, plants, etc.); and since his resurrection was in the spring of the year – though

                  slightly earlier than the pagan festival of olden times – it was not too hard for the church

                  of the fourth century (now greatly departed from the true faith anyway) to merge the

                  pagan spring festival into Christianity -- attaching the various phases of it to Christ.

                  In this way, it would appear to be a Christian festival, yet at the same time, it would

                  retain many of its ancient customs” (op. cit., p. l57).


      Thus did paganism become engrafted upon Christianity – a practice which God calls an ABOMINATION to Him!


The Earliest Easter Story


      From the literature of the ancient Summerians in Mesopotamia comes the earliest legend of the death and resurrection of a pagan deity – the first Easter story.


            Tammuz, whose name meant “true son of the deep waters,” was married to the goddess Inanna or Ishtar (pronounced Estar), the “mother goddess” who represented Mother Earth. According to the legend, when Tammuz died, Inanna was grief-stricken and followed him to the underworld to the realm of Eresh-Kigal, queen of the dead. In her absence, the earth lost its fertility, crops ceased to grow, and animals ceased mating – all life was threatened. Then Ea, god of water and wisdom, sent a messenger from heaven to the underworld to bring back Inanna or Ishtar. The messenger sprinkled Inanna and Tammuz with the water of life, giving them power to return to the light of the sun for six months of the year. Each year, therefore, Tammuz would again return to the realm of the dead for six months, Inanna would pursue him, and her grief would move Ea to rescue them.


      This ancient legend, very widespread in the Middle East, traveled to Phoenicia and Syria, where Tammuz was called Adon and Inanna was called Astarte. In Greece, they became known as Adonis and Aphrodite. The original legend underwent many changes in its passage to other countries, but the essential theme of autumnal death and vernal resurrection remained. In Asia Minor, Adonis was called Attis and his wife-mother was Cybele, Rhea or Dindymene. The Egyptian myth of Osiris, who married (in this version his sister) Isis, the Great Mother goddess of the Egyptian pantheon, springs from the same source.


      The Egyptian Osiris, put to death by Set, was, it is said, brought back to life and emerged from a sarcophagus or from a broken egg. On rising from the dead, he became lord of the Tuat or underworld and the judge of the living and the dead. He was called “Eternity and Everlastingness,” the one who would come again to reign upon the earth.


The Pagan Connection


            It is just absolutely amazing how ancient paganism has wrapped its tentacles around “Christianity,” so that the modern church is much more pagan than Christian.  As historian Will Durant wrote in The Story of Civilization, volume 3, “Caesar and Christ,” not long after the church began, the pagans began their onslaught to infiltrate it, subvert it, and destroy it.  Says Durant, “Christ was assimilated to the religious and philosophical traditions of the Hellenistic mind.  Now the pagan world – even the ant-Semitic world – could accept him as its own.  Christianity did not destroy paganism; it adopted it.  The Greek mind, dying, came to a transmigrated life in the theology and liturgy of the Church . . . The Greek mysteries passed down into the impressive mystery of the Mass.  Other pagan cultures contributed to the syncretist result.  From Egypt came the idea of a divine trinity . . . From Egypt the adoration of the Mother and Child, and the mystic theosophy that made Neoplatonism and Gnosticism, and obscured the Christian creed. . . . From Phrygia came the worship of the Great Mother; from Syria the resurrection drama of Adonis; from Thrace, perhaps, the cult of Dionysus,, the dying and saving god” (page 595).


            In fact, says Durant, “The Mithraic ritual so closely resembled the eucharistic sacrifice of the Mass that Christian fathers charged the Devil with inventing these similarities to mislead frail minds.  Christianity was the last great creation of the ancient pagan world” (ibid.).


The professing church, to build its membership, adopted paganism wholesale.  Pagan spring religious customs were adopted by the Church.  At the approach of Easter, women in Sicily sow wheat, lentils, and canary-seed in plates, which they keep in the dark and water every two days.  The plants soon shoot up, the stalks are tied with red ribbons, and the plates are placed on sepulchers, with effigies of the dead Christ – “just as the gardens of Adonis were placed on the dead Adonis.”  Says Frazer, “The whole custom – sepulchres as well as plates of sprouting grain-may be nothing but a continuation, under a different name, of the worship of Adonis” (Frazer, The Golden Bough, p.400).


            Writes Sir James George Frazer in The Golden Bough,


                        Now the death and resurrection of Attis were officially celebrated at Rome on the twenty-

                        fourth and twenty-fifth of March, the latter being regarded as the spring equinox, and therefore

                        as the most appropriate day for the revival of a god of vegetation who had been dead or

                        sleeping throughout the winter. But according to an ancient and widespread tradition Christ

                        suffered on the twenty-fifth of March, and accordingly some Christians regularly celebrated

                        the Crucifixion on that day without any regard to the state of the moon. This custom was

                        certainly observed in Phrygia, Cappadocia. and Gaul, and there seem to be grounds for think-

                        ing that at one time it was followed also in Rome. Thus the tradition which placed the death

                        of Christ on the twenty-fifth of March was ancient and deeply rooted. It is all the more

                        remarkable because astronomical considerations prove that it can have had no historical

                        foundation. The inference appears to be inevitable that the passion of Christ must

                        have been arbitrarily referred to that date in order to harmonize with an older festival

                        of the spring equinox”(page 417-418).


                        Frazer shows the pattern of the church “Christianizing” all the ancient popular pagan holidays.  He declares:


                        “When we remember that the festival of St. George in April has replaced the ancient

                        pagan festival of the Parilia; that the festival of St. John the Baptist in June has succeeded to

                        a heathen midsummer festival of water: that the festival of the Assumption of the Virgin in

                        August has ousted the festival of Diana; that the feast of All Souls in November is a continu-

                        ation of an old heathen £east of the dead; and that the Nativity of Christ himself was assigned

                        to the winter solstice in December because that day was deemed the Nativity of the Sun;

                        we can hardly be thought rash or unreasonable in conjecturing that the other cardinal festival

                        of the Christian Church-the solemnization of Easter-may have been in like manner, and

                        from like motives of edification, adapted to a similar celebration of the Phrygian god Attis

                        at the vernal equinox.”


The Great Conspiracy


            Asserts James George Frazer in The Golden Bough, “Taken altogether, the coincidences of the Christian with the heathen festivals are too close and too numerous to be accidental. They mark the compromise which the Church in the hour of its triumph was compelled to make with its vanquished yet still dangerous rivals. The inflexible Protestantism of the primitive missionaries, with their fiery denunciations of heathendom, had been exchanged for the supple policy, the easy tolerance, the comprehensive charity of shrewd ecclesiastics, who clearly perceived that if Christianity was to conquer the world it could do so only by relaxing the too rigid principles of its Founder, by widening a little the narrow gate which leads to salvation” (page 419).


            Says Frazer:


                        When we reflect how often the Church has skil£ully contrived to plant the seeds of the

                        new faith on the old stock of paganism, we may surmise that the Easter celebration of

                        the dead and risen Christ was grafted upon a similar celebration of the dead and risen

                        Adonis, which, as we have seen reason to believe, was celebrated in Syria at the same

                        season. The type, created by Greek artists, of the sorrow£ul goddess with her dying lover

                        in her arms, resembles and may have been the model of the Pieta of Christian art, the

                        Virgin with the dead body of her divine Son in her lap, of which the most celebrated

                        example is the one by Michael Angelo in St. Peters” (page 401).


            Notice those words again.  He declares, “When we reflect how often the Church has skillfully contrived to plant the seeds of the new faith on the OLD STOCK OF PAGANISM, we may surmise that the Eastern celebration of the dead and risen Christ was grafted upon a similar celebration of the dead and risen Adonis, which . . . was celebrated in Syria at the same season” (p. 401).


      Astounding!  Clearly paganism grew inside the professing Christian church like LEAVEN, until the whole lump was thoroughly leavened and saturated with SIN!  The whole chemistry of the Church was changed with the yeast of PAGANISM!


      Says Alan W. Watts in Easter, Its Story and Meaning: “It would be tedious to describe in detail all that has been handed down to us about the various rites of Tammuz, Adonis, Kore, Dionysus, and many others. . . . Some of them were celebrated at the vernal equinox, or thereabouts, and some at midsummer. But their universal theme – the drama of death and resurrection – makes them the forerunners of the Christian Easter, and thus the first ‘Easter services’” (p. 58).


      In analyzing the strange customs of the pagans and their astonishing similarity to certain “Christian” customs today, Watts was moved to write, “At first sight it is surprising to find so many of these stories and symbols of death-and-resurrection in so many different places. The points of resemblance between the Christ story, on the one hand, and the myth and ritual of ancient and 'pagan' cults, on the other, is at times startling enough to look like a CONSPIRACY '” (op. cit. p. 22).


      A “conspiracy”!  Who would engineer such a conspiracy? 


            The answer may be clearly seen in the historical record of how this festival crept into the professing Christian Church, and in comparing this festival with the evidence from the Bible.


The Biblical Tradition


      Search through the Bible and you will find no evidence that either Christ, the apostles, or the New Testament Church ever observed Easter Sunday.


      Admittedly, there is one verse in the King James Version of the Bible which mentions “Easter.” In that verse “Easter” is a flagrant mistranslation! The original Greek word used in Acts 12:4 is pascha meaning “Passover.”  Modern translations clear up this difficulty by translating the word properly.


      Further, we have seen that the New Testament proves the time of Jesus' resurrection was not Sunday morning, anyway. There is absolutely no way you can squeeze three days and three nights – see Matthew 12:40 – between Friday evening at sunset and Sunday morning at sunrise. Obviously, there is something wrong with the popular tradition.


            But if the early Christians did not celebrate Easter, then what did they celebrate? Why did early translators mistakenly translate a word meaning Passover as “Easter”?


      Here is the answer. The Passover was a solemn holy day in ancient Israel (see Exodus 12). Israel's God “passed over” the enslaved Israelites and slew the firstborn children of their enemies – of Pharaoh and the Egyptians. The Passover was commemorated every year in the spring on the 15th of the Hebrew month Nisan, in the evening, by eating roast lamb and herbs (see Exodus 12). This was a statute instituted for observance forever (Exodus 12: 14, 24).


      In the days of Christ, the Jews still observed the Passover. Christ and His disciples observed it. This solemn holy day is mentioned by name 48 times in the Old Testament, and 28 times in the New Testament.  The apostle Paul states categorically, “For even Christ our Passover is sacrificed for us:  Therefore let us KEEP THE FEAST” (I Cor.5:7) – that is, the FEAST OF THE PASSOVER!  For more information on the Passover, read our articles on “Should Christians Observe the Passover?” and “A New Look at the Passover!”


      But what, you may wonder, does this solemn holy day have to do with Easter?


      There is no record in the New Testament of the early Christians ever observing Easter. But there is evidence that, as Christ commanded, they continued observing the Passover each spring, on the 15th of Nisan, commemorating Christ's sacrifice for our sins! How, then, did Easter creep into the professing Christian Church?  Says historian and scholar Alexander Hislop:


                        “The difference, in point of time, betwixt the Christian Pasch, as observed in Britain

                        by the native Christians, and the Pagan Easter enforced by Rome, at the time of its

                        enforcement, was a whole month; and it was only by violence and bloodshed, at last,

                        that the Festival of the Anglo-Saxon or Chaldean goddess came to supersede that

                        which had been held in honour of Christ” (The Two Babylons, p. 107).


“The Age of Shadows”


      The correct translation of Acts 12:4 shows that Luke, the writer of the book of Acts, acknowledged that the pascha or Passover was still in existence and being observed when he wrote the book of Acts. Similarly, the apostle Paul indicated that Christians were observing the Passover when he wrote the epistle of I Corinthians (see I Corinthians 5:7-8; 11:20-34).


      But after the New Testament was completely written and after all the original apostles had died, a change occurred. Church historian Jesse Lyman Hurlbut describes the age that followed as “the Age of Shadows.”


            Says Hurlbut: “For fifty years after. . . Paul's life a curtain hangs over the church, through which we strive vainly to look; and when at last it rises, about 120 A.D. with the writings of the earliest church-fathers, we find a church in many aspects very different from that in the days of St. Peter and St. Paul” (The Story of the Christian Church, p. 41).


      Hurlbut continues on page 60, “For fifty or sixty years after the death of St. Peter and St. Paul, the history of the church is a blank.”


      What had happened? The answer is in the Bible – a conspiracy to introduce pagan customs under the name “Christian” had been formed in the days of the apostle Paul (see Gal.1:6-9; II Cor.1:13-15; II Tim. 4:3-4). By the last days of the apostle John, this conspiracy had grown so great that in some areas, true Christians were being cast out of the established local churches! (III John 9, 10).


The Long Struggle


      About A.D. 154, PoIycarp, who had observed the Passover with the apostle John and other apostles, traveled to Rome to discuss the issue of Passover and Easter with Anicetus, the bishop at Rome. At the time, neither could persuade the other to give up his custom. Wrote the fourth-century church historian Eusebius:


            “For neither could Anicetus persuade Polycarp not to observe it [the Passover], because he had always observed it with John, the disciple of our Lord, and the rest of the apostles, with whom he associated; and neither did Polycarp persuade Anicetus to observe it [Passover], who said that he was bound to maintain the practice [Easter Sunday] of the presbyters before him'” (Ecclesiastical History, Bk. V, Chap. XXIV).


      Before Easter was universally adopted, there was a bitter and protracted controversy. In the days of Emperor Commodus (A.D. 180-192), when Victor became bishop at Rome (A.D. 190), the dispute became severe. Declared the historian Eusebius:


      “There was a considerable discussion raised about this time, in consequence of a difference of opinion respecting the observance of the paschal season. The churches of all Asia, guided by a remoter tradition, supposed that they ought to keep the fourteenth day of the moon for the festival of the Saviour’s Passover, in which day the Jews were commanded to kill the paschal lamb. . . . But . . . it was not the custom to celebrate it in this manner in the churches throughout the rest of the world . . .” (Eccl. Hist., Book. V, chap. XXIII).


      Even at this late date, the Churches of God in Asia dissented from the majority viewpoint. Polycrates, their leader, wrote to Victor, bishop at Rome, saying: “We, therefore, observe the genuine day, neither adding thereto nor taking there from” (chap. XXIV). He cited New Testament Christians, including Philip and the apostle John and asserted: “All these observed the fourteenth day of the Passover according to the gospel deviating in no respect, but following the rule of faith” (ibid.).


      Upon receiving this letter, Victor, bishop at Rome, became furious. Reports Eusebius: “Upon this, Victor the bishop of the church of Rome, forthwith endeavoured to cut off the churches of all Asia, together with the neighbouring churches, a heterodox, from the common unity. And he published abroad by letters, and proclaims, that all the brethren there are wholly excommunicated” (ibid.).


      Although at that time Victor was restrained from carrying out this threat, the controversy continued until as late as the fourth century.


Introduction of Easter


      By the early fourth century A.D. nominal Christianity became established as a state religion of the Roman Empire. Almost everybody sought membership in the new Church and almost nobody was rejected. Says Hurlbut of this period:


      “The services of worship increased in splendor, but were less spiritual and hearty than those of former times. The forms and ceremonies of paganism gradually crept into the worship. Some of the old heathen feasts became church festivals with change of name and of worship'” (ibid., p. 79).


      One of those heathen feasts which were adopted by large numbers of professing Christians and endorsed by the leaders of the popular church was Easter!


      Roman Emperor Constantine, who had been a devoted worshipper of the sun most of his life, and who did not embrace the “Christian” religion until his death bed, proposed the adoption of pagan customs by the Christians.


            The church leaders of that day felt that for “Christianity” to conquer the world, it would be wise to compromise with pagans throughout the Empire. Since the common people were habituated to their pagan customs and reveled in their pagan holidays, church leaders devised a method to reconcile paganism and nominal Christianity. They simply “baptized” pagan customs, thereby making them “Christian” in appearance and name. The result? Pagans began to flock into the Church in droves. They kept the same days and performed the same rituals, but now they did it to “Christ” instead of to Astarte or Tammuz! They had not, however, understood what it meant to repent and become converted.


      How, then, did Easter creep into the professing Christian Church?


      Constantine presided over the Council of Nicaea (A.D. 325) at which the “Easter question” was taken up for settlement. In an attempt to conciliate the conflicting customs of "Christians" throughout the Roman Empire, he wanted his religious leaders to determine a universal date for the celebration of Easter so that all the peoples of his Empire would observe this festival on the same date. It was at the Council of Nicaea that the date of Easter was declared to be the first Sunday after the full moon following the spring equinox.


Why Easter Is Wrong


      “Well, what difference does it make?” many might ask. “Sure, Easter Sunday is derived from heathen customs, but don't we observe it as a Christian holiday, in honor of Christ and His resurrection. I don't see anything inherently wrong or evil about that!”


      In the first place, Easter does not commemorate the resurrection. The resurrection was not on Sunday. Nor was the crucifixion on any so-called “Good Friday.”  Therefore, it is all based on a LIE!  And second, we humans are not free to select our own method of worshipping God!


      King Solomon was inspired to write: “There is a way which seemeth right unto a man, but the end thereof are the ways of death” (Proverbs 14:13; 16:25). Jesus Christ said, “Man shall not live by bread alone, but by every word that proceedeth out of the mouth of God” (Matthew 4:4; Luke 4:4).


      The vitally important question is: What does God say about taking pagan practices and “making them Christian”?


      Jeremiah 10:2 says: “Thus saith the Lord, Learn not the way of the heathen, and be not dismayed at the signs of heaven; for the heathen are dismayed at them.”


      Those are plain words.


      God says in the Bible that Satan the devil “deceiveth the whole world” (Revelation 12:9). Do you want to go along with the world in its deception? Speaking of the religious system and customs of this modern world, God says to His people: “Come out, of her, my people, that ye be not partakers of her sins, and that ye receive not of her plagues” (Revelation 18: 4).


      Should you simply go along with the crowd and attend Easter services? God says: “What fellowship hath righteousness with unrighteousness? and what communion hath light with darkness?. . . Wherefore come out from among them, and be ye separate, saith the Lord, and touch not the unclean thing; and I will receive you, and will be a Father unto you, and ye shall be my sons and daughters, saith the Lord Almighty” (II Corinthians 6:14-18).


      God sent ancient Israel into captivity because that nation forsook His commandments and began following pagan ways and incorporating pagan traditions, customs, and superstitions into the worship of God (see II Kings 17; Jeremiah 44; Ezekiel 8).  Should we imitate their mistake?


      The question is whether or not we are willing to trustfully obey God, even when we do not fully understand why He tells us to do something. To learn this kind of obedience based on faith is of decisive importance not only for our life here and now, but also for all eternity.


      Whether or not we observe pagan customs labeled “Christian” makes a great deal of difference to God. Therefore, let's get back to the pure, unaltered and unadulterated faith which was once delivered to the saints.